Archive
2021, Volume 5
2020, Volume 4
2019, Volume 3
2018, Volume 2
2017, Volume 1




Volume 4 , Issue 2 , December 2020 , Page: 77 - 87
The Effect of Sugarcane Bagasse Ash on the Properties of Portland Limestone Cement
Olubajo Olumide Olu, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria
Nuuman Aminu, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria
Likita Nazif Sabo, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria
Received: Nov. 7, 2020;       Accepted: Nov. 21, 2020;       Published: Dec. 4, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcbm.20200402.15        View        Downloads  
Abstract
This paper tries to investigate sugarcane bagasse ash (SCBA) as a cement replacement material and its effect on the water consistency, setting times, soundness, specific gravity, water absorption and mortar compressive strength of SCBA-Portland limestone cement (PLC) blend at cement replacement from 0 -15 wt.% at interval of 2.5 wt.%. Calcination of sugarcane bagasse was conducted and the optimum condition was obtained ash at 650°C at 90 mins with a higher Si + Al + Fe content from nine compositional analysis of ashes obtained via X-ray fluorescence spectrometer and then employed as cement replacement material for this research work. The consistency and setting times of the blended cement samples were carried on paste using Vicat apparatus while the soundness, specific gravity and compressive strength using Le Chatelier apparatus, density bottle and strength testing machine respectively according to ASTM standards respectively. Results showed an increase in the water consistency and setting times of SCBA cement pastes as SCBA content was increased from 2.5 – 15wt.% which was attributed to unburnt carbon present in the ash due to its high LOI. The elongated setting times could also due to clinker diminution by cement replacement with SCBA and high-water demand. The SCBA cement blends produced accelerated setting time results compared to PLC owing to lime present in SCBA which enhances early hydration. The specific gravity diminished while the volume expansion of the SCBA cement pastes experienced an increase as SCBA was increased due to lower density of SCBA compared to PLC and increased lime content due to increased SCBA content respectively. An increase in the mortar compressive strengths of SCBA cement blends was experienced as the curing days progressed from 3 to 60 days. PLC blended with SCBA produced an enhanced early strength due to the presence of lime which tends to accelerate the rate of formation of hydration assembly. Whereas, at a high cement replacement of 12.5 wt.% SCBA produced exceptional mortar compressive strength especially at 60 days despite clinker diminution indicating pozzolanic activity due to SCBA inclusion. The optimal cement replacement with SCBA was observed at 5 wt.% in comparison with control especially at 28 days and did not adversely affect its strength owing to pozzolanic activity.
Keywords
Sugar Bagasse Ash, Consistency, Setting Times, Soundness, Compressive Strength
To cite this article
Olubajo Olumide Olu, Nuuman Aminu, Likita Nazif Sabo, The Effect of Sugarcane Bagasse Ash on the Properties of Portland Limestone Cement, American Journal of Construction and Building Materials . Vol. 4 , No. 2 , 2020 , pp. 77 - 87 . doi: 10.11648/j.ajcbm.20200402.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[ 1 ]
Reddy, B. D., Jyothy, S. A., and Babu, P. R. (2013). Experimental investigation on concrete by partially replacement of ware aggregate with junk rubber, The International Journal of Engineering and Science (IJES), 2 (12), 61-65.
[ 2 ]
Elinwa, A. U., and Ejeh, S. P. (2014). Effects of incorporation of saw dust waste incineration fly ash in cement pastes and mortar, Journal of Asian Architecture and Building. Engineering, 3 (1), 1-7.
[ 3 ]
Prakash, R. (2017). Mechanical properties of concrete with partial replacement of bagasse ash. International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development, 4 (7), 14-20.
[ 4 ]
Mujedu, K. A., Adebara, S. A., and Lamidi, I. O. (2014). The use of corn cob ash and saw dust ash as cement replacement in concrete works. The International Journal of Engineering and Sciences (IJES), 3 (4), 22–28, April, 2014. Available at http://www.theijes.com.
[ 5 ]
Olubajo, O. O., Abdullahi, B., and Osha, O. A. (2019). The potential of orange peel ash as a cement replacement material. Path of Science, 6 (2), 1629-1635. Available on website link: http://www.pos.org.
[ 6 ]
De Weerdt, K., Kjellsen, K. O., Sellevold, E., and Justnes, H. (2011). Synergy between fly ash and limestone powder in ternary cements. Cement and Concrete Composites, 33 (1), 30 – 38. doi: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp. 2010.09.006.
[ 7 ]
Gowsika, D., Sarankokila, S., and Sargunan, K. (2014). Experimental investigation of egg shell powder as partial replacement with cement in concrete. 14 (2) Aug 2014.
[ 8 ]
Raheem, A. A., Olasunkanmi, B. S., and Folorunso, C. S. (2012). Saw dust ash as partial replacement for cement in concrete. Organization, Technology and Management in Construction and International Journal, 4 (2), 474-480.
[ 9 ]
Olubajo, O. O., Osha, A. O., El- Nafaty, U. A., and Adamu. H. A. (2017). A study on Coal bottom ash and limestone effects on the hydration and physico-mechanical properties of ternary cement blends. Ph. D. Thesis. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria.
[ 10 ]
Neville, H. (2016). A study on the structural design of concrete produced by partial replacement of pozzolanic materials. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, 9 (3), 114-119.
[ 11 ]
Someswara, R. B., Vidya, S. L. N., and Naveen, G. (2015). Durability studies on concrete and comparison with partial replacement of cement with rice husk ash and sugarcane bagasse ash in concrete. Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (Part - 4), 5 (11), 52-58.
[ 12 ]
Vikas, S., Imam, A. A., Mehta, P. K. and Singh, R. K. (2020). Supplementary cementitious materials in construction and attempt to reduce CO2 emission. Journal of Environment Nanotechnology, 9, (3) 41-44.
[ 13 ]
Cabrera, J. G., and Lynsdale, C. J. (2013). A new gas permeameter for measuring the permeability of mortar and concrete. Magazine of Concrete Research, 40 (144), 177-182.
[ 14 ]
Thirumalai, R. K., and Murthi, P. (2015). Bagasse ash and rice husk ash as cement replacement in self-compacting concrete Gra?evinar 67 (1), 23-30.
[ 15 ]
Ganesh, B. M., and Shiny, P. G. (2015). Investigational study on bagasse ash in concrete by partially substitute with cement. International Journal of Computer Engineering in Research Trends, 2 (12), 1044-1048.
[ 16 ]
Sachin, K., Manisha, B., and Ashwini, P. (2017). Effect of cement replacement by sugarcane bagasse ash and glass powder on mortar and concrete. International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET), 5 (9), 240-244.
[ 17 ]
Modani, P. O., and Vyawahare, M. R. (2013) Utilization of bagasse ash as a partial replacement of fine aggregate in concrete Chemical, Civil and Mechanical Engineering Tracks of 3rd Nirma University International Conference on Engineering (NUiCONE 2012) Procedia Engineering, 51, 25–29.
[ 18 ]
Hussein, A., Shafiq, N., and Nuruddin, M. F. (2017). Sudanese sugar cane bagasse ash: a valuable by-product for concrete. International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research, 6 (4), 238-244.
[ 19 ]
Chusilp, N., Jaturapitakkul, C., and Kiattikomol, K. (2009). Effects of LOI of ground bagasse ash on the compressive strength and sulfate resistance of mortars. Construction and Building Materials, 23 (12), 3523–3531.
[ 20 ]
Ganesan, K., Rajagopal, K., and Thangavel, K. (2007). Evaluation of bagasse ash as supplementary cementitious material. Cement and Concrete Composites, 29 (6), 515–524.
[ 21 ]
Srinivasan, R. (2010). Experimental study on bagasse ash in concrete, 5 (2), 60–66.
[ 22 ]
Suvimol, S., and Daungruedee, C. (2008). Bagasse ash: effect of pozzolanic activity and application in cement use aspect 165–173.
[ 23 ]
Bhargavi, P., and Murali, K. (2018). An experimental study on partial replacement of cement with bagasse ash in concrete mix. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET) 9 (5), 175–184.
[ 24 ]
Mashair, K. I., and Kamal, E. E. Y. (2016). Utilization of local materials (pozzolana, sugarcane bagasse ash or local sand) in reducing clinker cost. International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering & Technology IJISET, 3 (4), 453-461.
[ 25 ]
Bangar, S. S., Phalke, S. N., Gawade, A. Y., Tambe, R. S., and Rahane, A. B (2017). A review paper on replacement of cement with bagasse ash. International Journal of Engineering Sciences and Management, 7 (1), 127-131.
[ 26 ]
Geerthana, R., Gnanasoundari, J., Madheswari, T., Vetriselvi, K., and Selvarani, S. (2016). Evaluation of sugarcane bagasse ash as a partial replacement of cement in concrete. International Journal of Advanced Research Trends in Engineering and Technology (IJARTET), 3 (2), 666-672.
[ 27 ]
Sivakumar, G., Hariharan, V., and Barathan, S. (2013) Preparation of bio-cement using sugarcane bagasse ash and its hydration behavior. International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology Research (IJSETR), 2 (10), 1887-1889.
[ 28 ]
Reddy, M. V. S., Ashalatha, K., Madhuri, M., and Sumalatha, P. (2015). Utilization of sugarcane bagasse ash (SCBA) in concrete by partial replacement of cement. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE). 12 (6), 12-16.
[ 29 ]
Mangi, S. A., Jamaluddin, N., Wan Ibrahim, M. H., Abdullah, A. H., Abdul Awal, A. S. M., Sohu, S., and Ali N. (2017). Utilization of sugarcane bagasse ash in concrete as partial replacement of cement. IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 271, 1-9.
[ 30 ]
Romildo, A. B., Fernando, A. N. S., Eliana, C. B. M., Cecilia, S. L., and Analice, L. (2016). Effect of sugarcane bagasse ash as partial replacement of cement on mortar mechanical properties. Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering (EJGE), 21 Bund 12, 4577-4586.
[ 31 ]
Anvesh, S., and Chamanthi, P. (2017). Study on behavior of partial replacement of cement with sugarcane bagasse ash for high strength concrete mix. International Journal of Advanced Technology and Innovative Research (IJSATIR), 9 (1), 171-176.
[ 32 ]
Yasir, A. A. M., Shihab, A. K., Salah, E. F. H., and Hassan, A. E. (2017). Effects of sugarcane's bagasse ash additive on Portland cement properties. International Journal of Sustainable Development Research. 3 (6), 85-89.
[ 33 ]
Rauf, N., Damayanti, M. C., and Pratama, S. W. I. (2017). The influence of sugarcane bagasse ash as fly ash on cement quality. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1801, 040009 1-3.
[ 34 ]
ASTM C 187 (2010). Standard test method for normal consistency of hydraulic cement. Annual Book of ASTM Standards.
[ 35 ]
ASTM C 595 (2010). Standard specification for blended hydraulic cements. Annual Book of ASTM Standards.
[ 36 ]
EN 196-3 (2010). Methods of testing cement- part 3: determination of setting times and soundness. European Standards.
[ 37 ]
ASTM C 618 (2008). Standard specification for coal fly ash and raw or calcined natural pozzolan for use in concrete. Annual Book of ASTM Standards.
[ 38 ]
Külaots, I., Hurt, R. H., and Suuberg, E. M. (2004). Size distribution of unburned carbon in coal fly ash and its implications. Fuel, 83, 223–230.
[ 39 ]
Freeman, E., Gao, Y. M., Hurt, R., and Suuberg E. (1996). Interactions of carbon containing fly ash with commercial air-entraining admixtures for concrete. Fuel, 76, 761-765.
[ 40 ]
Kaya, A. (2010, September). A study on blended bottom ash cements (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from http://etd.lib.metu.edu.tr/upload/12612504/index.pdf.
[ 41 ]
Olubajo, O. O., and Osha, O. A. (2013). Influence of bottom ash and limestone powder on the properties of ternary cement and mortar. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology 2 (7), 1201-1212 Available on website link: http://www.ijert.org.
[ 42 ]
Yashwanth, M. K., and Nareshkumar, B. G. (2014). An experimental study on bagasse ash as replacement for cement in lightweight concrete. International Journal of Latest Trends in Engineering and Technology (IJLTET), 3 (3), 253-260.
[ 43 ]
Olubajo, O. O., Osha, O. A., and Jibril, A. (2020). Setting times of Portland cement blended with locust bean pod and eggshell ashes. American Journal of Chemical Engineering, 8 (5), 103-111. doi: http://www.j.ajche.org10.11648/j.ajche.20200805.11.
[ 44 ]
Georgescu, M., and Saca, N. (2009). Properties of blended cements with limestone filler and fly ash content. Scientific Bulletin, Series B, 71 (3), 13-14, 16.
[ 45 ]
Venkateswara, R., Kontham, G., Venkata, R., and Chundupalli, S. (2011). Effect of potassium chloride (KCl) on ordinary Portland cement (OPC) concrete. Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, 1 (2), 103–107.
[ 46 ]
Lothenbach, B., Le Saout, G., Gallucci, E., and Scrivener, K. (2008). Influence of limestone on the hydration of Portland cements. Cement and Concrete Research, 38 (6), 848-860.
[ 47 ]
ASTM C 109 (2008). Standard test method for compressive strength of hydraulic cement mortars. Annual Book of ASTM Standards.
[ 48 ]
ASTM C 188 (2009). Standard Test Method for Density of Hydraulic Cement. Annual Book of ASTM Standards.
Browse journals by subject
女人与公拘交的视频网站_真人作爱试看120秒_欧洲性开放老妇人